Underwriting is the process of verifying information about your employment, income, assets, debts, and credit history to determine if you can afford to pay back the mortgage loan you are applying for. Underwriters also verify that the size of the mortgage you're applying for is reasonable compared to the value of the property you're buying or refinancing.
Sound underwriting helps ensure that you qualify for a mortgage loan that you can afford to repay and it gives lenders the confidence to make mortgage money available to people who want to buy or refinance a home.
The underwriting process is basically divided into three parts.
1: Gathering and Verifying Your Information
Your lender, or your lender's loan officer, collects and verifies your personal information, from your employment history to your outstanding debts.
You'll be asked to give your lender permission to independently verify your information and obtain copies of your credit history.
Here's a short list of the information needed to begin underwriting your mortgage.
2: Verifying Property Information
The appraised value of the property is another critical factor for determining how much you can borrow. Your lender will have the property you hope to buy professionally appraised to assess its physical condition, the condition of the surrounding site and neighborhood, and its value.
3: Putting It Altogether
Finally, the underwriter reviews all of your information, either manually or with the help of an automated underwriting system, like Freddie Mac's Loan Prospector®, to determine 1) your financial capacity to repay the mortgage, and 2) whether or not the mortgage you're applying for, and the house you hope to buy or refinance, meets your lender's requirements
Follow this series to learn more about how things work in the mortgage industry and visit My Home by Freddie MacSM where we discuss it all.