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Q Certificates

Multifamily Q Certificates are structured pass-through securities backed by multifamily mortgage loans. Unlike K Certificates, Q Certificates are backed by an underlying trust that holds multifamily mortgage loans that were not underwritten by Freddie Mac at the time they were originated, and the loans may not have been purchased by Freddie Mac prior to securitization.

Like K Certificates, they feature a wide range of investor options which include guaranteed senior and interest only bonds. Similarly, the related underlying private label trust includes unguaranteed mezzanine, subordinate and interest only bonds.

Freddie Mac securitizes multifamily loans via the Q Certificate structure through the following steps:

  • A sponsor or lender sells their loans to a third party depositor who places them into a third-party trust.
  • The third-party trust issues private-label securities backed by the loans.
  • Freddie Mac purchases and guarantees the senior bonds and certain other classes issued by the third-party trust and re-securitizes the bonds via a Freddie Mac trust by issuing Structured Pass-through Certificates (SPCs).
  • The subordinate bonds and mezzanine bonds, which are not guaranteed by Freddie Mac, are issued by the third-party trust and are privately offered to third-party investors.
  • The resulting Freddie Mac guaranteed SPCs (Q Certificates) are then publicly offered by Freddie Mac via placement agents.
  • Senior and mezzanine bonds may not be issued and/or rated on every deal.

Q Certificate Diagram

  • Diversification through pooled risk of many assets versus single asset risk.
  • Transparency on collateral and deal information through the offering documents.
  • Guarantee of timely payment of interest and ultimate payment of principal on the certificates guaranteed by Freddie Mac.
  • Strength of a Freddie Mac credit review based on decades of strong credit management and underwriting experience.


  • Q Certificates Security Lookup – provides several different reports and information. (You will need to enter the Q-Deal Series Number (e.g., Q001), select the desired information option, and click on Submit).
  • Historical Factors & Coupons – shows payment date, factor and coupon for each tranche. (You will need to enter the Q-Deal Series Number (e.g., Q001) and Class ID (e.g., A1), select Historical Factors and Coupons, and click on Submit.)
  • Historical Certificate Reports – shows monthly performance statistics (delinquencies, prepayments and net operating income updates). (You will need to enter the Q-Deal Series Number (e.g., K001), select Historical Certificate Reports, and click on Submit.)
  • Offering Circular Supplements and Exhibits – (You will need to enter the Q-Deal Series Number (e.g., Q006), select Offering Circular Supplement, and click on Submit.)

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