Executive Perspectives Blog
Given current trends in renting and multifamily rental-housing inventory, apartment demand should exceed supply for years to come. New construction by itself won't fill the gap. Additional investment needs to be made in existing units to keep them in active inventory. As part of this, there is a growing need to direct "flexible" capital into renovating, preserving, and, in some cases, transforming the nation’s aging rental-housing stock.
We, like many, expected more out of housing so far this year. Existing home sales were down 6 percent while new home sales were unchanged during the first five months of 2014 compared with the same time last year. Single-family housing construction was lackluster too with building permits slipping 2 percent and housing starts up a meager 1 percent over this same five-month window. One of the few bright spots in housing activity occurred for multifamily rentals: starts of buildings with five or more apartments jumped 16 percent during January through May compared with a year ago, and vacancy rates on rental apartments tracked by Reis dipped to 4.0 percent in the first quarter, down from 4.4 percent a year earlier, and the lowest recorded by the firm since 2000. That's great for the rental industry, but also means your rent is going up.
Today's consumers persistently overestimate the size of a down payment they need to finance a home. Just how deep-rooted the myth of the large down payment is was made plain in some recent research from Zelman & Associates in New York, which found respondents, on average, believe lenders require equity of 11 to 15 percent.
Owner-occupants buy about two-thirds of the foreclosed homes sold by HomeSteps®, Freddie Mac's REO sales unit. That's an average we shoot for because we believe a strong emphasis on selling to owner-occupants can help stabilize communities and local home prices. But as the housing recovery took hold, it became a challenge to maintain that average. Fewer REO homes were going on the market. Buyers looking for a house to live in began losing ground to well-heeled investors looking for single-family homes they could rent.
The U.S. housing finance system is never static. As the details of possible future systems are debated on Capitol Hill and the Internet, the current system continues to change while financing billions of dollars in single- and multifamily mortgages every month. Freddie Mac's approach to mortgage finance is changing in ways intended to maintain liquidity for borrowers while posing less risk to taxpayers.